Light Gauge Steel vs. Structural Steel Construction

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  • Date:2021/04/29

Steel has an impressive strength-to-weight ratio and flexes with force, which is why it’s commonly used for giant construction projects. Steel is that the ideal material for top rise buildings because it can withstand high winds, earthquakes and other stressors. thanks to its strength, steel frames require fewer vertical supports, which successively makes them more cost effective. Steel is additionally considered an eco-friendly material because all steel products contain recycled steel, and in framing, they typically contain a minimum of 25%. There are two options when it involves steel framing: light gauge steel and structural steel. Here may be a comparison of the 2 methods, and their best applications.

 

Light Gauge Steel

 

Light gauge steel is cold-formed to form a long and thin steel plate, which is then forged into a C or Z shape that can withstand the load. Light gauge supports are available a galvanized finish of zinc, aluminum or a mixture of the 2 . For this construction process, a load-bearing wall is made first, then interior partitions and exterior cladding follow.

 

Light gauge steel is most ordinarily utilized in residential or light commercial construction as an alternate to wood framing. It’s almost like wood therein little cutting and sizing is required on the work site because the studs are manufactured to express lengths. However, light-weight steel will not rot, deform, flammable, or breed insects like traditional wooden frames. thanks to their strength, light gauge steel frames also require less studs because they will be placed further apart. Generally speaking, light steel produces less waste, which is more environmentally friendly and cheaper than alternatives such as wood. Its main disadvantage is that at high temperatures, instead of burning, the steel structure will lose a lot of stability and may collapse.

 

Structural Steel

 

Structural steel is forged at high temperature. Once it cools and hardens, its strength becomes extremely strong. For comparison, a one-inch circular bar that's firmly attached to supports can hold 20 tons. steel is employed in heavy duty construction projects like multi-story buildings, bridges and industrial plants. Its strength and adaptability allow it to face up to moderate seismic activity, heavy traffic loads and high winds.

 

While concrete and stone are often utilized in similar projects, steel is in a position to supply stability and strength at great heights unlike the alternatives. However, when combined with steel, concrete can provide a better level of support for giant infrastructures.

 

The downfall of steel is its weight. It needs to be transported by heavy trucks and must be placed by cranes. For this reason, steel is never utilized in residential or light commercial construction because it’s cumbersome and expensive. Medium-size commercial construction can use either light gauge or steel , it just depends on the requirements of the project.

 

Structural steel and light gauge steel are quite different in both production of the steel, application and fastening methods. Steel requires thicker and heavier fastening methods, like welding, bolting or riveting. Light gauge steel on the opposite hand are often fastened more simply with steel screws. Steel framed structures have long presented a fastening problem for trim contractors. Traditional finish nails won't penetrate most load bearing steel members and regular hardened fasteners aren't suitable for finish work.

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